Tesla CEO Elon Musk created the phrase for the then-upcoming lithium-ion battery production site in Nevada in 2013. The factory’s name, according to Tesla, comes from the word “giga,” which means “billion.” In popular usage, however, a Gigafactory refers to a massive battery-producing complex that brings together various firms and components to scale up lithium-ion battery production to new levels.
To deliver the volume of energy required, producers must consider gigawatt-hours rather than kilowatt-hours (the unit used to assess a battery’s capacity) or megawatt-hours. Tesla, for example, achieved a 20 GWh annualised rate in 2018, making it the “world’s highest-volume battery plant,” according to the company.
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Tesla reports that the Gigafactory 1, or Gigafactory 1, in Nevada is just 30% complete. Despite the fact that the factory takes up more than 1.9 million square feet of Nevada’s parched desert in its current state. The Gigafactory will be the world’s largest building in terms of footprint and second largest in terms of volume when it is finished.
Tesla reports that the Gigafactory 1 in Nevada is barely 30% complete. Despite the fact that the factory takes up almost 1.9 million square feet of Nevada’s desert land in its current state. The Gigafactory will be the world’s largest building in terms of footprint and the second largest in terms of volume when it is finished.
What purpose are Gigafactory were designed for ?
Gigafactories are used for more than merely producing lithium-ion battery cells. They are end-to-end renewable energy solution providers, even though that is their major duty. Gigafactories are also intended to serve as the primary storage hubs for renewable energy.
Tesla’s lead in the battery technology area comes due to the fact that it, although liaising with a brand like Panasonic, makes its own batteries. This puts its rivals at a disadvantage because of their reliance on external battery suppliers. The only solution is to make batteries in-house if a brand is to look at the long-term supply of durable, but more importantly affordable batteries.
Tesla employs about 7000 people at Gigafactory 1. also listed by Panasonic, one of the world’s leading battery cell manufacturers, has leased a portion of it. Panasonic also makes battery cells for Tesla. The Nevada gigafactory also features divisions for making electric motors (now for the Model 3) and home storage and grid storage solutions.
Tesla’s edge in battery technology is owing to the fact that it manufactures its own batteries, despite collaborating with Panasonic. Because its competitors rely on external battery providers, this puts them at a disadvantage. If a brand wants to ensure a long-term supply of robust, but most critically economical batteries, the only option is to manufacture them in-house.
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One of the major problems plaguing the Indian EV market is the lack of local battery production, which prevents manufacturers from lowering battery costs – the single most expensive component of an EV. Local gigafactories also save brands money on battery shipment and storage.
Where will gigafactories be built?
Everywhere. Most countries are competing to become production centres for the most efficient and long-lasting lithium-ion batteries. Countries must build an infrastructure foundation that will support their separate car sectors for the foreseeable future if they are to meet their 2030 goal of banning all fossil-fuel powered vehicles. Simply put, without a gigafactory, no local automobile industry can thrive. Gigafactories will not only serve as a centre for battery research, but they will also be the epicentre of all sorts of technological discoveries in the EV arena. In the United States, Tesla has already announced plans to build two more gigafactories in New York and Texas.
General Motors and LG Chem are partnering to build a battery gigafactory in Ohio.
Six of the world’s largest cell manufacturing companies were established in Asia. LG Chem, Panasonic, Samsung, and SK Innovation are among them. As a result, it appears that Asia has a natural edge and can easily scale up its battery production. Tesla has demonstrated that gigafactories can be created in less than a year, and the company now plans to build another one in Asia, outside of China. While it’s unclear whether the next stop will be Japan or South Korea, Asia might very well emerge victorious in a war for EV supremacy with Europe and the United States.